Roux-en-Y (RNY) Gastric Bypass, also called gastric bypass, is considered the ‘gold standard’ of weight loss surgery. It is the second most preferred and applied bariatric surgery method worldwide.
RYN Gastric Bypass is performed either laparoscopically (minimally invasive) involving the use of a small telescope-like camera inserted through a small incision in the abdomen, or by open surgery where a large midline incision is made in the abdomen. This Laparoscopic method, which is preferred by many surgeons today, has therefore started to be applied very frequently today. Although this method offers the possibility of faster recovery, not every patient may be the right candidate for this method.
There are two components of RNY Gastric Bypass surgery performed in Private Hürrem Sultan Hospital. First, a small gastric pouch with a volume of about 30 milliliters is created by separating the upper part of the stomach from the rest of the stomach. Next, the Y-shaped section of the small intestine is inserted into the pouch. Skipping the two parts of the small intestine, known as the duodenum and the jejunum, reduces the amount of calories and nutrients the body absorbs.
The newly formed gastric pouch after the surgery is much smaller and thus takes less food in one go. Thus, it accelerates weight loss by providing less calorie consumption. One of the most important issues that can be mentioned here is the great advantage gained by redirecting the digestive process; feeling of fullness and hunger. It increases the feeling of satiety, suppresses hunger and reverses one of the primary mechanisms of obesity triggering type 2 diabetes, resulting in a positive change in intestinal hormones.
The positive change and improvement in the digestive system is felt immediately after the surgery, and the patients feel full very quickly after eating. RNY Gastric Bypass is one of the most effective weight loss methods and patients manage to lose 60-70% of their excess weight within the first 1-2 years after surgery.
Weight loss, which is rapid at first, will decrease over time, but a healthy diet and exercise will help you lose more weight. Decreased appetite and shrinking gastric pouch will also contribute to less calorie intake. Most patients observe a great reduction in these health problems that go hand in hand with obesity, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea and digestive issues.